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Fire prevention in premises

Building fire prevention is so constructed that it will be possible to evacuate before there is too much smoke in the area. Fire prevention system inspections for the building are carried out on a regular basis by the property owner.

Preventing the spread of smoke and fire

In order to prevent the spread of smoke and fire, buildings are divided into fire cells. Fire and smoke spread from one cell to another is consequently prevented for a certain period of time, normally 60 minutes. Doors between fire cells must be fire door specification. A fire door must be type approved and close automatically. In cases where the fire door is to be kept open, this is permitted with the use of a magnet connected to the fire alarm that releases the door automatically when the fire alarm is triggered.

Extinguishing facilities

Extinguishing equipment should be available with a maximum range of 25m. This equipment may either be a fixed indoor fire post or a manual extinguisher. Manual extinguishers may contain different extinguishing agents which have different levels of efficiency. It is vital to be aware of the types of extinguisher available at the workplace. Powder extinguishers are the most efficient and put out fires quickly and easily. Extinguisher equipment function is checked once annually by a specialist contracted by the building owner. There are fixed automatic extinguishers in some buildings. Automatic sprinklers do not provide absolute protection for the people in the room where the fire is if a critical situation occurs, but they do prevent the fire from spreading into neighbouring rooms

Early alarm

Most buildings are equipped with an automatic alarm, fire alarm or evacuation alarm so that anyone in the premises can receive an early warning and act to minimise injury and damage. The difference between a fire alarm and an evacuation alarm is that the fire alarm is automatically connected to SOS Alarm while the evacuation alarm only sounds locally. Local alarms vary from workplace to workplace. The most common is a siren, however at hospitals alarms can be separated in the different premises and may also be arranged as a local "calling" system and be silent. All employees must be aware of how the alarm system works at their own workplace.
Read about testing fire alarms at Systematic fire prevention activities.

Evacuation routes

Stairwells, culverts and corridors (except corridors within departments or offices) each form their own fire cells and are classified as evacuation routes. Extra high levels of requirements are imposed on any fire cell classified as an evacuation route. No combustible material may be stored in such a fire cell for two reasons: one is that it important that evacuation routes are not blocked, however the most important is that fire may not occur along an evacuation route, for example a stairwell, as it is more difficult to prevent spread of smoke from such space into the building than vice versa.

Guidance

On the website of the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency there is information on the regulations , as wells as guidelines, that apply within the fire prevention field (in Swedish).  

In KLARA (chemical handling system) there is information on chemical products and safety datasheets that can be downloaded. There are also risk assessment templates. 

Flammable goods in laboratories must be handled in accordance with this  information from Swedish Civil Contingency Agency (in Swedish).

 

Contact

Campus US and VIN

Fire Safety Coordinator  - LiU
Marcus Lundgren  +46 13-28 2521

 

Security Manager - LiU
Annevi Fredäng  +46 13 - 28 2340


 

Coordinator Fire Safety - Region Östergötland
Esa Haapamäki

+46 10-103 83 36, +46 73-061 24 69
 

Security Coordinator - Region Östergötland
Helen Carling +46 10-10 30 410

 

Other Campuses

Fire Safety Coordinator  - LiU
Marcus Lundgren  +46 13-28 2521

 

Security Manager - LiU
Annevi Fredäng +46 13 - 28 2340

 

Region Östergötland

Coordinator Fire Safety - Region Östergötland
Esa Haapamäki

+46 10-103 83 36, +46 73-061 24 69

 

Security Coordinator - Region Östergötland
Helen Carling +46 10-10 30 410

 

 

 


Page manager: hanna.wessman@liu.se
Last updated: 2021-01-15